No two countries are the same, and there will always be things that surprise you in a new place. Here are seven things Aussies will find different and little hard to get used to when they move to Canada (and some of these apply to the USA as well).
1. Lower pay
Across the board, it is almost certain that you will make less money here for doing the exact same work you were doing in Australia.
Example, when I was working at McDonald’s Australia in 2006, I was getting paid $21AUD per hour. The minimum wage in Ontario at that time was $7.75CAD.
In 2012, I was working at Sydney Airport for $24AUD per hour, increased to $27AUD per hour if my shift was between midnight and 4am. I moved to Toronto and got the exact same job two months later and was paid $12CAD an hour.
The minimum wage in Canada varies by province. In Ontario it’s $14 an hour. With the current AUDCAD exchange rate where 1CAD = $1.09AUD, that’s $15.26 an hour before taxes.
And it was only raised a couple of years ago. From $11.40. Which means that a lot of roles that were above minumum wage, paying $14 to $16 an hour, were considered “good” pay, and not all have caught up and increased their pay.
So you could be doing work like office administration and be getting basically minimum wage.
2. Less vacation time
Oh cute, did you think you were going to come do a working holiday in Canada and then spend all your free time travelling everywhere?
Well good luck doing that with only ten paid vacation days PER YEAR. And most of the time, you can’t let them roll over into the next year.
Coming from a country where most jobs give you about 4 weeks of paid vacation, it’s a bit of a shock to the system when you come here and learn that every year, your employer will only give you ten (10) paid vacation days.
Unlike doing a working holiday in the UK, where you can fly to another country for the weekend and pay a ridiculously cheap fair – flights within Canada are pretty pricey, and, as outlined in point number one, you’re not getting paid a lot here.
Sure, you can drive – but car rentals are also really expensive, and Canada is the second largest land mass in the world, which means it takes a LONG time to travel by car.
Are you okay with not going back to Australia until your visa is done? Or if you do stay here, only going once every few years?
Because your ten paid vacation days equal one decent trip to visit home per year. If you choose to use your vacation in another way, such as a few days in Vegas or going to the UK for a week, you can kiss the trip home goodbye. So you kind of have to choose between taking vacations elsewhere, taking a “stay-cation”, or using the time to go home.
Unless, you take the last week in December and the first week in January off. That way, you’re only using 5 of the days per year.
Or, it IS possible to go to Australia for a week. I’ve done it. I don’t recommend it, because you spend about as much time on a plane as you do in Australia, but it’s definitely possible!
Yes, if you’ve been to the USA or Canada once in your life, you know that you’re supposed to tip wait staff and bartenders.
But, did you know you’re also expected to tip for other services? Cab and Uber drivers? Delivery people? Hairdressers? Estheticians? Movers? The list is substantial.
Which brings me to number four.
4. Taxes not being included in the price
In most cases, the marked price you see is never what you’re going to pay. From food to electronics to your monthly phone plan, you always have to factor in what the added taxes are going to be when you get to the checkout/receive your bill.
Not only does it trick you into thinking that things are cheaper than they really are (because those $50 jeans are really $56.50 with taxes) but it also makes it really hard to budget.
When you factor in taxes and then add on a tip if necessary, it gets pricey!
I have no idea why it’s like this and it’s really annoying. Canadians joke that it’s the government’s way of keeping their citizens’ math skills sharp, or it’s so you know the retailer isn’t ripping you off.
Well that’s all fine…. but can’t we just include the taxes in the price??
5. Disgusting processed food
When I first moved here, unless it was fruits, veggies and animal products, everything I ate made me feel sick. There are so many crazy ingredients in processed food here, it’s scary to read labels.
Like bread! It basically tastes like cake, with all the sugar they put in it, and the enriched wheat flour doesn’t help.
Chocolate and sodas are sweetened with corn syrup instead of cane sugar, and they taste much sweeter than those same products in Australia.
I’ve been a choco-holic sugar junkie my entire life, but after moving here I greatly reduced the amount of that stuff I was eating, because I found it tasted awful (probably a good thing, I know).
I bought a generic brand of vanilla “ice cream” the other day without reading the label. It tasted like egg whites so I threw it out. The garbage bag I had put it in had a hole in it, so the remainder melted and dripped through. All that dripped out was sticky corn syrup. It was so disgusting! My floor was covered in goo! Where was the melted milk/cream? How is that ice cream???
Unfortunately, to avoid the nasties, you have to spend more money. It’s really tempting to buy the $1 chips instead of the $4 ones, until you turn the package over and find and additional 5 gross ingredients on the $1 one that you just don’t want to put into your body.
You start to get really good at reading labels.
6. Watching what you say/how you say it
I’ve written about this beforewith specific examples (read it here), but the Australian vernacular can be quite a lot to take, because we tend to speak in a straight-forward way.
Canadians are more reserved, which is one of the reasons they have a reputation for being so nice. Sometimes, you can accidentally put a Canadian off by using a phrase that is considered friendly in Australia.
A great example: When you do something nice for someone in Australia, or give them a gift, and they say “thank you”, you respond with “that’s alright!” which is the equivalent to “my pleasure”.
But in Canada, “that’s alright” is used more when someone apologises for something. So it’s a little weird for them to hear you say “that’s alright” because it kind of sounds like you were doing them a favour. It’s more polite to say “you’re welcome.”
This is just one example that I noticed in my interactions with people here over the years. It’s not a hard and fast rule and it doesn’t apply to everyone and everything!
7. Being inside a lot
This one is specific to Eastern Canada.
Unless you enjoy a wind chill of -12C blowing on your face, or tiptoeing on icy sidewalks, you’d better get used to an indoor life from as early as November until as late as May.
Thankfully there are many facilities around the country where you can enjoy “outdoor” activities indoors, such as indoor golf courses, indoor soccer “fields”, indoor walking tracks, and so on. But being in the fresh air and surrounded by nature usually requires some level of being freezing.
So there you have it, seven things you might have to get used to if you choose to live here! Prepare yourself!
It’s almost the end of October and it’s time to kiss the best month of the year goodbye.
I’m in love with October, and I know I’m not the only one. From Anne of Green Gables to your favourite Instagram influencer, October is a much-favourited month.
I know what you’re thinking. “NOT ANOTHER PIECE OF CONTENT ABOUT OCTOBER AND PUMPKINS AND FALL!!!!”
But I’m okay with that, because October is spectacular, and it deserves to have a huge deal made about it, over and over and over again.
October is an interesting month. It’s when so many things come to a close yet so many things begin.
It’s the end of the warm weather in northern countries, yet the beginning of it in the south.
October means there’s only three months left of the year, and people start counting down to things. There’s this many days until American Thanksgiving…. There’s this many days until Christmas… Now there’s this many days until the end of the year…
I don’t do that. I savour each day of this amazing month. The years go by fast enough as it is. Even if it’s been a crappy year, I always seem to feel better in October. Like there’s a chance for new beginnings.
I’m not sure why, since that is usually a sentiment associated with January.
Maybe because, where I grew up, October is the second month of spring. It’s already hot enough to go to the beach and signals the beginning of another long Australian summer.
(It’s also a month of wildly unpredictable weather, and to this day I still don’t get why Australian brides plan their weddings for October, because you never know what you’re going to get. Risking a thunderstorm on your wedding day is no bride’s dream.)
In fact, August is the best month to have a wedding in Australia, specifically in Sydney, because the days are usually sunny and quite warm for “winter”.
But back to Canada.
In Canada, October means many things, such as:
Yes, unlike in Australia, pumpkins, squash and all those other related gifts from Mother Nature are only available in fall, and most abundantly October.
Perfect timing too, because the temperatures start to stay in the one digit range, and you want to get into that warming, soup-making groove.
And if you’re a food or beverage brand, you capitalize on that pumpkin-mania like there’s no tomorrow. You name it, there’s a pumpkin version
Pumpkin spice lattes, pumpkin spice bread, pumpkin cheesecake, pumpkin spice cookies, pumpkin spice cereal, oatmeal, ice cream, crackers, BEER. The list goes on and on.
I know for a fact you can’t really do this in Australia because you can’t get these types of pumpkins there.
The thing about Canada is that its climate doesn’t lend itself to the production of many varieties of fresh produce. Apart from the very short summer where you suddenly can’t get away from summer squash, asparagus and corn, most of the food you will eat here for at least half the year is unfortunately imported.
Except for apples. Canada is absolutely lousy with apples. In fact, there are too many, and most of them end up in landfill. There are apple trees all over the GTA whose fruits just drop and decay without anyone paying any attention. It’s unfortunate since organic, unwaxed apples cost a fortune, and I have no idea why it’s like this.
At least you can enjoy an apple cider why you contemplate this conundrum.
You sing about them, but have you eaten them? Not only are they delicious, they are also so fun to make. Roasting them on an open fire is ideal, but cooking them on the stove or in the oven also works. It’s a great way to keep warm when it’s super chilly outside, because you do have to stand there and watch them so you definitely get warm.
Make sure you look up how to prepare them first though, so you don’t end up with them exploding all over your oven like I did.
Colourful but inedible, it makes a great fall decoration
The leaves omg
But remember, I grew up on the east coast of Australia, where Autumn can often be just as hot and sunny as summer. I know other parts of Australia experience something closer to a northern hemisphere fall, but I certainly never went to those places. Plus, it’s a different time of year. So it’s not the same.
Therefore, I get to be overly excited every October and take 500 pictures that look something like this and not have you judge me for how basic I am.
Fall walks and bike rides
Fall is a spectacular time of year to learn that Toronto is a lot bigger than you think! Don’t listen to those snobs that scoff at the idea of going north of Bloor or east of the Don Valley Parkway. Because there are so many amazing walking and biking trails to discover and doing it in the fall just takes your breath away.
And it actually feels like Halloween here because they’ve been doing it for years. Australia is still divided over whether Halloween is to be acknowledged.
Some of the Halloween stuff here is really cool. Seeing people’s houses decorated is my favourite.
It’s also really fun to walk through certain neighbourhoods and be around all the kids trick-or-treating (since us adult Aussies missed out on that experience when we were kids).
Other times its just brands throwing some orange and black colors on things and calling it Halloween (cough Tim Horton’s cough)
This one is only in Toronto and it means White Night. It’s an interesting annual event where art (and that term is used very broadly) is displayed all around the city. It goes all night, so energetic night owls can roam the streets until dawn enjoying the extravaganza.
Please enjoy these terrible photos I took at Nuit Blanche in 2013.
Those are some of the things I love about October and that’s why I think it’s the best month of the year.
It’s also the best month to enjoy all that fall has to offer, in my opinion.
Because of how quickly it gets cold here, by mid-November , it’s already lot colder than October, most of the leaves and the colours are gone, and there’s nothing really fun to do (even Canadian Thanksgiving is in October.)
So it’s a rush to enjoy it all in October, before Christmas and New Years fly by and then the long winter sets in.
That means, if you hate winter, fall is actually really depressing because of what comes after it. But it sure is pretty.
Maybe I should make it all one hashtag: #octoberthebestmonthoftheyear
According to my sources, the Caesar is one of the most commonly-craved and sought after drinks by Canadians living abroad (especially in Australia), but since it isn’t really sold anywhere in Australia (except maybe Canadian-themed bars) Canadians make their own at home.
If that’s not your thing, no worries! There are plenty of options to suit your fancy.
But here is a tip for ordering drinks in North America.
If you order anything with lemonade, you will literally get lemonade
As in, freshly squeezed lemon juice mixed with sugar. In Canada (and the USA) that’s what people will give you if you say lemonade.
But most likely, they won’t have it and they will look at you funny because they don’t realise you mean the soft drink, not something kids on TV sell on the sidewalk for pocket money.
If you want the soda, you have to ask for Sprite or 7-Up.
And don’t forget to tip! It’s the North American way.
Canadians love to talk about the weather. One of the most common questions I get asked is, “What’s the coldest it gets in Australia?” When you live through a few winters here, you understand why. I think they ask because:
they dream of living in a snow-free land or;
they know an Australian winter is a walk in the park compared to a Canadian one.
And it is! I’m from the coast of Sydney, Australia, where winter looks like this picture, and I rarely experienced anything colder than 8 degrees celsius.
But even if you’re from the coldest parts of Australia, I will tell you straight up:
You do not know what winter is until you’ve seen a winter in Canada
What’s the big deal about winter? It’s cold, and it snows, right? Snow is beautiful!
Snow is beautiful. But there’s a lot to living in this climate that you don’t realize until you actually have to do it. I’m sure you understand that it’s very cold, but what does that actually look like?
Let’s talk about time.
Even though winter proper is three months long, the cold seems to go on forever
And I’m only talking about Toronto, which is said to have a mild winter compared to other parts of the country. It gets so cold here, that you will start thinking zero to two degree days are downright balmy compared to -20.
Never in my life did I think I would be calling zero degrees warm. But Canada does that to you.
Here is a rough timeline of the cold season. All temperatures are in Celsius.
Fall officially begins Sep 21st. By the middle of October, the temperatures are usually already in single digits. So it’s only midway through fall and it’s already colder than a “freezing” day in Sydney.
October is the time to bring your hats and gloves out of storage, but you won’t need a winter coat just yet. It’s a beautiful time of year with all the leaves changing colours. The many parks and trees in Toronto put on quite a show.
Halloween is chilly, so don’t think you can strut down the street in a barely-there costume, because you’ll freeze. As such, onesies are a big hit here.
November is similar, and you might see snow, but it doesn’t usually dump piles just yet. You can still spend time outdoors without a full winter wardrobe. Trees lose their leaves by the end of November.
Winter officially begins December 21st. It’s usually around -5 to -15 for most of December. You may or may not see a white Christmas. I’ve seen three in seven years.
January and February are the coldest months with the most snow. For a few weeks it will hit around -25 to -40 with the wind chill. Snow falls at least once a week and there will be a few ice storms.
By March, everyone is sick of winter, ice and snow and just wants it to all go away.
But it doesn’t really until late May. People forget that every year and are always surprised/annoyed by the last few snowfalls that happen in spring.
That’s why the city by-law says that indoor heating has to remain on until June. JUNE.
That’s more than six months of cold weather, with three of those months being extreme. But being cold is just the beginning….
With the cold comes ice and freezing rain
What is freezing rain? It’s when the temperature goes above freezing and then rapidly drops back to freezing, resulting in rain that instantly freezes when it hits a surface. In a matter of hours, roads, buildings, trees, electrical poles, footpaths, cars, benches, railways, streetcar tracks, traffic lights, you name it get coated in a thick layer of ice that remains frozen.
Depending on the severity of the freezing rain, the result can be anything from the roads and pavements being slippery, to trees breaking and falling on power lines, cutting power for days.
If you have electric heating and hot water tanks, it’s a miserable time to not have electricity.
Temperature fluctuations result in “freeze and thaw” events. This is when snow melts a little and then freezes as ice. There will be snow on the ground that has layers of ice underneath.
As it starts to melt, the ice is exposed and it’s really impossible to walk anywhere that isn’t salted by the city. The further away you live from downtown, the worse it is.
I couldn’t walk around the courtyard in my apartment building for almost 2 months this winter because it was covered in ice.
When this happens, the water goes everywhere and freezes all around the site. I’ve been evacuated from two buildings because of a burst water main.
So if you own a home here, you can’t just take it for granted that you can go on vacation and come back to find your property in the same condition. You have to take preventative steps like draining pipes and draining hoses before you leave.
Garbage bins freeze shut!
So do windows, doors, locks, gates, bike chains – basically anything with leverage that’s outside.
Travelling by any means becomes a challenge
Ice-covered walkways are slippery
Walking is difficult because you can’t always see the ice, so you have to walk slowly and carefully to make sure you don’t end up on your butt or with a fractured wrist.
But if you don’t walk on them, you have to walk on the busy road beside them.
Street corners are the worst, because that’s where the snow gets piled up the highest.
It can be hard to use the crosswalks because there’s so much snow in the way. Good luck if you have a stroller, a wheelie bag, etc.
Driving is also a hazard
Most public roads are well-salted and cleared by the city.
Driving is worse while the snow is actually falling. Visibility is limited, and the white lane markings (genius to have them the same colour as snow!) are completely invisible while it’s snowing.
You basically have to follow the car in front of you and hope they’re keeping in their lane.
Late for work?
You will be after spending 20 mins digging your car out of the snow!
If you don’t have underground parking, you must allow extra time to dig your car out of the snow that accumulated on/around it while it was parked.
(PS. Don’t keep anything in your car that you don’t want to freeze. I watched a poor lady try to thaw out her 5L bottle of laundry detergent after it was in her car for 3 days…)
Get ready to freeze waiting for public transit.
Thank goodness for transit apps. You soon learn to use them to minimize time spent standing outdoors freezing waiting for the next one. Even 5 mins is torture when the wind is blowing -25 degrees at you.
Transit functions fairly well considering, but on bad days, buses do get stuck in snow, and streetcars do malfunction because of ice buildup on the tracks.
Taxis/Ubers/Lyfts are available, but demand is high and they are not immune to getting stuck, so if you do manage to get one, be prepared to shell out coin.
But you bike to work, so you’ll be okay
Nope. Don’t forget about the ice. When the temperaure is below zero, you’re bound to encounter ice somewhere along your journey and that means you are very likely to fall.
The bike lanes are usually a mess as well, since the snow plows push the snow to the sides of the road right into the bike lanes.
Most people put their bike away once they’re snow on the ground.
I thought they were just being softies and didn’t want to be cold. It took a near miss and then an actual fall on ice to stop me from biking when it’s freezing.
Don’t even get me started on air travel
I’m surprised aircraft get off the ground here at all. Ice on the runway, freezing rain, low visibility, etc etc. The Eastern Seaboard is notorious for its bad weather, so extensive flight delays and cancellations are just expected here.
Salt destroys things
This car was black!
Salting of surfaces is necessary to melt snow and ice so that vehicles can safely drive on the roads and people can walk on the footpaths.
The problem is, it eats away at things such as asphalt, metal (look forward to rust on your car, just like living by the ocean), destroyed bike chains and shoes.
By the end of winter, the roads are a torn up mess and have to be repaved often. If not, they’re left a mess and driving, walking and biking on them sucks.
Many things are “seasonal” and put on hold until Spring
This includes, but is not limited to:
picnicking, outdoor parties, al fresco dining
outdoor sports like baseball, golf, tennis, etc
just being outside in general
Oh, you wanted to enjoy your backyard? Sorry, you can’t. It’s buried in snow
If you celebrate Christmas, it’s more common here to have an indoor Christmas dinner, rather than an outdoor Christmas lunch like we do back in Australia. I suspect this has something to do with not being able to barbecue…
You also have to watch where you place your furniture and belongings in your home, so as not to block heating vents/melt your stuff.
Winter dries everything up
Indoor heating makes the air very dry. For the first few years, when I woke up in the morning, I felt as dry as I do on long haul flights. The air gets static and you get shocks when you touch things. Your hair and skin get more dry than usual, especially if you take long, hot showers. A humidifier helps.
The water that comes out of the faucets is frigid, so when washing your hands , you have to mix hot and cold water so your hands don’t freeze. It becomes a habit, and now when I go home to visit my family, I get lectures for unnecessarily using hot water. But constantly using hot water contributes to dry skin. Moisturise, moisturise, moisturise!
Winter clothing is an expense
You need an entire winter wardrobe to get through the winter, and that comes at a price. Since winter clothing is a necessity here, it’s much cheaper than it would be in Australia, but you still get what you pay for. While you don’t need a $1000 Canada Goose jacket, you still need to choose quality gear or you will be miserable when you’re outside if you’re not wearing the right clothes.
Winter affects your mental health
I feel it is important to include this one, as it is something you may not realize is even happening to you. Coming from Australia, the land of sunshine and long summers, to the exact opposite of that is a shock to the system. It’s that fact that you’re not able to spend as much time outside, and that everything natural (except for the evergreen fir trees) loses its colour, and that the days are so short. The biggest factor is the lack of natural light.
Winter will give you a Vitamin D deficiency
Generally, there aren’t too many sunny days. The sun will peek through now and then, and only on the days when it’s really really cold.
Even if you are an Aussie who spent most of their time indoors in Australia, you still got sun exposure inside buildings and vehicles because of windows and the fact that part of your skin, even if it’s just your forearms, was usually exposed. Here, because buildings are designed to retain heat, they have less windows. The daylight hours are also so short that it’s possible that your skin won’t never see the sun for six months.
Depending on the type of work you do, you could spend most of winter in the dark.
Say you get a 9 to 5 job. The shortest days of winter are 8 hours long, because the sun rises at 8am and sets at 4pm.
If you leave your house at 730am, it’s dark. You get on the subway, you’re in the dark.
You arrive at work and you scurry from the subway station to your office – maybe you’ll get a glimpse of the sun.
Your office doesn’t have windows so you’re inside with artificial lighting. On your lunch break, you brave the cold to stand in the sun, only it’s too cold to stand there for long, and you’re covered head to toe anyway.
You finish work at 5pm and it’s dark.
That leaves you with just the weekends to seek out the sun, and there’s no guarantee it will show up at all.
Unless you’re super brave and love the extreme cold and want to go out there no matter what, you’ll find yourself spending most of your time inside.
Well, almost. Especially by January and February, there’s not a creature to be seen. You forget that you haven’t heard a bird chirp for months until they start to reappear in spring, around mid March/early April when the snow starts melting.
And then…. beacon of hope! The snow starts melting!
This is what I call the big tease after the big freeze
Which means flooding
And mud. Lots of mud.
As the frozen ground starts to thaw, it shifts, and the frozen piles of snow and ground water melt and can seep into lower levels of buildings.
It is common for basements to flood during this time, unless the owner has a flood management system in place. If you live in a basement apartment, or keep a car or a bicycle in an underground space, be aware of this.
You start to get some warmer days, a sunny 5 to 10 degrees, but Jack Frost still has a few snow storms left in him. As I said, it doesn’t consistently stay above 15 degrees until late May/early June.
Watch your head!
You will see these signs all around the city as melting snow starts to fall off the roofs of buildings. At least they’re nice enough to warn you.
Watch out for dog poo!
Grassy areas become a soggy mess, and several piles of dog poo that owners buried in the snow (instead of picking them up) make an appearance.
Ok, so what’s good about living in winter?
I know. I’ve made it sound like living in winter is hell. So I guess I should point out some of the positives of it:
Winter is magical
It really is a sight to behold. When the city is blanketed in snow, or you look closely at the pretty formations of ice crystals, it’s quite gorgeous and fascinating.
Free ice skating!
Coming from Australia where entry to a rink is about $25, it’s amazing to see how many free outdoor rinks there are in the City of Toronto. Many of them have facilities such as indoor change rooms. You just bring your own skates and go for it!
Not to mention….
Less sun damage: You mightgo back to Australia looking 10 years younger than your mates because you haven’t had as much UV exposure
No bugs. They all go dormant in winter. There’s not a roach or a fly or a mosquito to be seen. You may see tiny (by Aussie standards) house spiders and centipedes in damp areas (mostly basements), which are harmless but look absolutely terrifying with their ridiculous number of legs.
If you identify as female, and you wear clothes marketed to people who identify as female, you will suddenly be blessed with pockets thanks to your winter coat. It is possible to leave the house without a purse!
The “hibernation-friendly” weather is conducive to studying and shift work. It’s very easy to fall asleep on command, or keep your head in the books in the dark and dreary months, because you’re not really missing much outside.
But the biggest thing about the weather here is…
It really makes you appreciate good weather. I never took hot weather or the beach for granted when I lived in Australia, but now I really understand how it feels to be deprived of sunshine and the outdoors and I feel so grateful when summer comes and we can embrace the outdoors again.
I don’t think I have ever been so excited to be able to keep my windows open. And I promise I will never say “I’m freezing!” while back in Australia, ever again.
(But I will definitely give Australians a hard time when they dare to complain about the “cold” in front of me).
So now that you’ve read all this about winter, do you still want to live here?
Have I scared you off, or are you even more up for it now? Let me know in the comments, and share with your friends who swear they prefer cold weather!